What Management Do

What Managers Do: Key Functions And Characteristics for Success

In today’s constantly evolving business landscape, the importance of leadership skills should not be underestimated. Management responsibilities go beyond just supervising tasks; they also include establishing goals, motivating teams, and implementing strategies to achieve successful results.

Understanding the role and key functions of management is not just essential for leaders, but also for anyone aiming for professional growth or striving to make a significant impact within their organization.

In this guide, we explore the salient principles of effective management, diverse styles of leadership, and the key characteristics required to succeed in this dynamic field. Are you ready to embark on your journey towards becoming a better manager? Let’s get started!

Key Takeaways

  • Management involves setting objectives, organizing tasks and teams, motivating employees, implementing measurement systems, and promoting personal development.
  • Good managers boast notable leadership skills in areas such as planning, communication, organization, and problem-solving.
  • Finally, effective management requires meticulous planning to reach goals, staffing the correct people for the job, leading and inspiring others towards success. Monitoring progress is also key.

Understanding Management

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Management is the backbone of any successful business. It entails ensuring work is completed correctly and on schedule. Managers guide teams towards goals, resolve issues and make crucial decisions for the company.

Good managers possess strong skills in areas like planning, communicating with their team, organizing tasks, and leading others. They excel at galvanizing people to work together effectively, thereby helping their teams excel and meet their targets. These leaders establish a productive workflow for everyone in a company.

Key Functions of a Manager

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A manager plays a critical role in organizations, responsible for performing key functions such as setting objectives, organizing tasks and teams, motivating personnel, implementing measurement systems, and promoting personal development.

Setting Objectives

Managers play a vital role in setting objectives. They utilize these goals to guide the team’s activities. Targets can range from major to minor, but all play a vital part. These benchmarks provide the team with a clear aim.

Effective managers ensure each objective is transparent and easily comprehensible. Once the goals are set, everyone has a clear understanding of what is required. Businesses can expand and improve over time with these guides. Therefore, setting targets is an integral part of ensuring a business thrives.

Organizing Tasks and Teams

Managers utilize a method known as “Organizing Tasks and Teams” to ensure work is done effectively and efficiently. Here’s how the process works:

  1. The manager begins by listing all tasks.
  2. Each task is scrutinized to fully understand what it entails.
  3. Tasks are categorized into groups which help to identify which tasks align.
  4. Teams are formulated based on the grouped tasks, and members are chosen based on their skill sets related to the tasks.
  5. The individuals best suited to the tasks at hand are given those tasks, allowing each team member to utilize their strengths.
  6. Managers clearly delegate who is responsible for what and outline how the work ties back to the overarching goals of the company.

Motivating Personnel

Effective leaders know how to boost their team’s morale. They inspire employees to exceed in their roles. Each worker differs, so knowing each one individually is beneficial. It’s the manager’s responsibility to discover what motivates each person to optimize their performance.

Some employees may require additional support or training, whereas others might strive for more substantial roles within the company. A leader can help them meet these goals by providing valuable guidance and educational resources.

In doing this, employees feel valued and are keen to develop alongside the company.

Implementing Measurement Systems

Implementing measurement systems is a crucial function of management. These systems track and evaluate progress towards their stated goals, enabling managers to make informed decisions. To implement measurement systems effectively, managers need to establish specific targets or key performance indicators (KPIs) that align with the organization’s objectives.

Managers can assess individuals, teams, and the organization’s overall performance by routinely monitoring and analyzing data. It allows them to identify areas for improvement and address any areas of concern proactively.

Various methods, such as employee engagement surveys, turnover rates, performance metrics, and goal achievement, are used to measure effective leadership and management. By implementing measurement systems, managers can ensure transparency, accountability, and continuous development within their teams and organizations.

Promoting Personal Development

It’s critical for managers to promote personal development within their teams. By investing in the growth of their staff, good managers assist them in setting career goals and developing new skills.

This boosts individual performance, strengthens team dynamics, and enhances overall productivity. In addition, leadership skills are crucial for managers to guide and inspire their teams effectively towards reaching organizational objectives.

By prioritizing personal development, managers foster a positive work environment that encourages continuous learning and innovation, leading to long-term success.

Unpacking Management Concepts

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In the following section, we will navigate through the fundamental principles underpinning effective management and portray an accurate representation of a successful management structure.


Planning is a necessary function of management, helping organizations achieve their goals and objectives. It involves setting clear objectives, identifying the tasks required to achieve them, and creating a roadmap to guide the team towards success.

Effective planning accounts for diverse factors such as resources availability, deadlines, potential obstacles, and risk management strategies. By thoroughly analyzing these factors and developing a comprehensive plan, managers can ensure their teams work efficiently and effectively towards realizing the business objectives.

Proper planning also allows for flexibility and adaptability in dynamic environments, making it possible to make timely amendments when necessary. Careful planning sets the foundation for successful execution and aligns organizations with their desired outcomes.


Staffing is a critical process within management that involves hiring suitable individuals and assigning them to appropriate roles within the organization. It ensures that the necessary skills and expertise are on hand to meet organizational goals.

Astute managers recognize the significance of staffing and invest in retaining talented individuals through incentives and training programs. In addition, they support their staff’s professional development by helping them establish career goals.

By prioritizing staffing, managers can ensure their teams comprise proficient individuals who can contribute effectively towards the organization’s success.


Leading is a vital function of management that comprises guiding and inspiring others to achieve goals. Effective leaders possess formidable interpersonal skills, such as communication and emotional intelligence, that allow them to connect with their team members and encourage them to perform at their best.

Leadership skills are crucial for the successful execution of other managerial functions, such as setting objectives, organizing tasks and teams, motivating employees, and implementing measurement systems.

By providing clear direction, fostering collaboration, and setting a positive example, leaders create an environment conducive to individual growth and contribute to the overall success of the organization.


Directing is a vital managerial function involving guiding and leading employees towards achieving organizational goals. Effective communication, decision-making, problem-solving, strategic thinking, and accountability are all integral components of directing.

Managers and leaders take on the responsibility of collecting data, making decisions, and being accountable for their actions. They play a crucial role in inspiring and motivating their teams to perform at their best.

Leadership involves inventing and innovating, whereas management focuses on organizing and maintaining what is already in place.


Controlling is a crucial managerial function that involves exerting control over what team members do, how they do it, and how progress is measured. It ensures tasks are executed effectively and efficiently.

Controlling is an ongoing process that should be implemented before devising any strategies or plans. By monitoring and evaluating performance, managers can identify deviations from goals and take remedial measures as needed to ensure streamlined operations within the organization.

Exploring Management Styles

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In this section, let’s delve into a spectrum uniquely diverse management styles, highlighting the unique advantages and potential drawbacks associated with each.

Persuasive Management Style

A persuasive management style is a managerial approach where leaders lead by example, using persuasiveness to earn the support and cooperation of their team. This style is particularly effective when collaboration and buy-in from employees are needed. The focus is on influencing their thought process and actions through clear communication and logical reasoning.

By adopting this approach, managers cultivate an environment where team members feel cherished, empowered, and inspired to contribute their best efforts towards achieving organizational objectives.

Democratic Management Style

In a democratic management style, the team is an integral part of decision-making and is encouraged to communicate openly. This management approach emphasizes empowering employees and giving them a voice within the organization.

A democratic management style heralds collaboration, cooperation, and shared responsibility. By involving team members in the decision-making process, it promotes engagement and ownership. Organizations that thrive using this style tend to foster a culture rooted in trust, openness, and respect for diverse perspectives.

Laissez-faire Management

Laissez-faire management is a style where managers empower their employees to make decisions while they take on a more passive role. This approach grants employees extensive control over their work, including how they perform it and how progress is measured.

While effective in scenarios where employees are highly skilled and self-motivated, laissez-faire management, when poorly implemented, can lead to a sense of directionless and lack of accountability. Hence, it’s essential for managers to strike a balance between empowerment and guidance to achieve success with this management style.

Examining the Different Levels of Management

Let’s dive into the various layers of management within an organization. Each level has distinct roles and responsibilities, all of which work in unison to ensure efficient operations and the realization of organizational goals.

Senior Management

At the apex of the management hierarchy within an organization lies the senior management. This includes roles such as the Chief Executive Officer, President, Vice Presidents, and Board Members.

The overarching responsibility of the senior management is to lay down the overall goals and direction of the organization. They are also entrusted with developing strategic plans and company-wide policies.

Senior management makes the significant decisions concerning the organization’s direction and mobilizes external resources to butter up the organization’s goals.

Middle Management

Referred to as the vital link between senior management and frontline employees within an organization is the middle management. These managers, including department managers, regional managers, and branch managers, are entrusted with implementing the policies and strategic goals delineated by the senior management.

They communicate strategic objectives to the frontline managers and provide guidelines to optimize performance. Effective middle managers possess skills across planning, communication, organization, leadership, and team development.

Their role is of the essence in maintaining an effective organizational structure and ensuring successful business operations.

Frontline Management

The frontline management is vested with the responsibility of overseeing and directing the work of employees directly involved in the production of goods or delivering services. They are often the first point of contact for employees, providing guidance, support, and feedback.

Frontline managers ensure the tasks are performed efficiently and effectively, maintaining quality standards along the way. Middle managers bank on frontline managers to articulate strategic goals from the senior management and implement them at an operational level.

In essence, frontline management is vitally important in ensuring seamless operations and achieving organizational objectives at the ground level.

Characteristics of Effective Management

Effective management is characterized by the ability to execute a vision, direct teams towards organizational goals, excel in process management, and prioritize people focus.

The Ability to Execute a Vision

Effective management involves the capability to bring a vision to fruition. This transforms a broad idea into practical, actionable steps that can be executed by their team. Managers with this ability can communicate their vision lucidly to their team, inspire them with a guiding purpose, and direct their team towards achieving goals.

The ability to execute a vision creates a sense of clarity and purpose in the workplace, which is pivotal for increased productivity and success.

The Ability to Direct

Effective guidance from managers is key to the team achieving its goals and objectives. Providing clear guidance to team members is a vital part of a manager’s role, ensuring that everyone understands their role and responsibilities.

By setting clear goals and inspiring a team, managers encourage everyone to perform at their best. Directing also involves providing ongoing feedback and support to the team, providing guidance and assistance when required.

By effectively managing your team, you create an environment conducive for individuals feeling empowered and inspired to contribute to the organization’s success.

Process Management

For effective management, process management is crucial. It involves collaboration, communication, decision-making, problem-solving, strategic thinking, and being accountable. Managers and leaders play an important role in gathering data, decision making, and accountability in managing processes.

To quantify process management efficiency, metrics like employee engagement, turnover rates, performance measurements, and achieving organizational goals are used.

Managers set targets, analyse performance data and delegate tasks to suitable individuals, forming an integral part of effective process management.

People Focus

Effective management involves a robust focus on people. Managers who prioritize the needs and growth of their employees create a positive work environment where employees feel valued and motivated.

They invest in their team’s personal and professional growth, aiding in setting career goals and providing opportunities for training and career progression. Good managers promote open communication and actively listen to their employees’ ideas and concerns.

Prioritizing the well-being of the employees fosters employee engagement, increases productivity, and contributes to the overall success of the organization.

The Importance of Management in Business Success

Management has a pivotal role in the effectiveness of a business. Effective management ensures that tasks are coordinated and performed efficiently to achieve goals, requiring skills in planning, communication, organizing and leadership.

A good manager sets clear objectives and collaborates with their team to achieve them. In addition, they also focus on organizing tasks, evaluating them, dividing tasks into manageable sections, and delegating them to their employees.

Moreover, managers motivate their teams by understanding different personalities and fostering successful teams. They also set targets or key performance indicators (KPIs) and regularly monitor progress towards achieving these goals by implementing measurement systems. Doing so identifies areas for improvement and enables necessary adjustments.

Overall, robust management is essential as it keeps the entire organization running efficiently. It ensures everyone is working towards common objectives and that resources are utilized effectively. With effective management in place, businesses stand a higher chance of achieving long-term success.

In conclusion, **effective management is indispensable to the success of any organization. Managers play a vital role in setting objectives, organizing tasks and teams, motivating personnel, implementing measurement systems, and promoting personal development. They need to possess strong leadership skills and the ability to put a vision into execution.

Good managers communicate effectively and invest in their team’s development. By implementing these key functions and characteristics of productive management, professionals can navigate the complexities of their roles with confidence leading to positive results for their organizations. So go out there and be an exceptional manager!


1. What are the functions of management?

The primary components of management include planning, leading and controlling these tasks help a business attain its goals.

2. Can you elaborate more on human resource management?

Human resource managers have an essential role in managing people within a company. They manage hiring new employees, training them and ensuring they have attractive benefits.

3. Is leadership a part of being a manager?

Absolutely, strong leaders make great managers. Good leadership skills can inspire others on your team to excel.

4. Why is clear communication an essential skill for a manager?

Managers need to provide clear, concise goals to their teams, ensuring that everyone knows what they are expected to do. Clear communication is crucial for decision-making and solving workplace problems.

5. How does project management fit into the levels of management?

A project manager oversees the execution of large-scale projects within the company from start to end. They monitor all parts and every step along the way. The role of a project manager falls under middle management.

6. What traits does a good manager display?

Good managers display various traits such as active listening, effective communication, fostering a positive work environment, and expertise in team building. They guide employees by setting clear goals, and leadership plays a vital role along with these duties.

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